Each student must be able to meet the following technical standards, with or without reasonable accommodations:


  • Acquire information from written documents and visualize information as presented in images from paper, film, slides or videos.
  • Observe visual presentations in the classroom, lecture hall, and laboratory.
  • Observe a patient accurately, at a distance and close at hand, with or without standard medical instrumentation for completion of patient examinations.
  • Observe and interpret both verbal and nonverbal communications.
  • Comprehend and immediately respond to auditory instructions or requests.
  • Elicit information by use of senses (vision, touch, hearing, and smell) through procedures regularly required in physical examination, such as inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation in a consistent and accurate manner.
  • Perceive pain, pressure, temperature, position, vibration, and movement that are important to the student’s ability to gather significant information needed to effectively evaluate patients.


  • Speak and hear in order to elicit, process and exchange information with patients and other providers.
  • Perceive and describe changes in mood, activity, posture, and nonverbal cues.
  • Possess English language skills, including grammar, spelling and vocabulary, to communicate effectively with patients, their families, and other practitioners in both written and oral settings.
  • Possess the skills of sensitivity and confidentiality in patient communication.

Motor Skills:

  • Maintain consciousness and equilibrium; have sufficient levels of postural control, neuromuscular control, and eye-to-hand coordination.
  • Perform gross and fine motor movements with sufficient coordination needed to carry out palpation, percussion, auscultation in order to elicit information on patient exam.
  • Manipulate and handle equipment and instruments to perform diagnostic and therapeutic maneuvers, basic laboratory tests and emergency therapeutic procedures, including but not limited to airway management, placement of intravenous catheters, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, application of pressure to control bleeding, and suturing of wounds.
  • Have sufficient mobility and strength for both educational and patient care activities.
  • Must have the physical and mental stamina to complete both the didactic and clinical phases of the training. This includes sitting, standing, and moving between classrooms, laboratories, and hospitals.

Cognitive ability:

  • Possess problem solving ability and critical thinking skills.
  • Collect, measure, organize, prioritize, analyze and efficiently assimilate data in a limited time frame.
  • Apply information acquired during didactic activities to clinical settings.
  • Measure, synthesize and comprehend three-dimensional relationships and understand spatial relationships of structures according to standard medical care.
  • Make decisions that reflect consistent and thoughtful deliberation and sound clinical judgment.
  • Relate to patient in empathetic, mature, and sensitive ways.
  • Read and comprehend medical literature and integrate knowledge into problem solving and patient care.


  • Maintain calm and composed attitude in emergencies.
  • Retain mental, physical and emotional integrity while functioning in educational and medical settings.
  • Demonstrate compassion, motivation, integrity, flexibility and a consciousness of social values when interacting with diverse population of patients, their families and other practitioners.
  • Accept criticism and modify behavior and practice as needed.
  • Consistently apply ethical standards in practice and education.
  • Tolerate taxing workloads, function effectively and quickly under stress, adapt to changing environments, display flexibility, and learn to function in the face of uncertainties.
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